Why We Celebrate Navratri And Dussehra
हिंदू धर्म में सभी व्रतों को लेकर कई प्रकार की मान्यताएं जुड़ी होती हैं कि उपवास (Navaratri vrat) के दौरान क्या खाना चाहिए, कैसे रहना चाहिए और क्या करना चाहिए. इसी तरह नवरात्रि के नौ दिनों के व्रत में भी कई नियम हैं.
नवरात्रि में दौरान मां दुर्गा के लिए रखे 9 व्रतों में कई चीज़ों को करने की मनाही, तो कुछ काम अवश्य ही करना चाहिए. यहां जानिए कि अगर आप इस नवरात्रि शक्ति रूप मां दुर्गा (Durga) का व्रत रख रहे हैं तो किन बातों का खास ध्यान रखें.
ता दें कि इस बार शारदीय नवरात्रि (Shardiya Navaratri 2022 details ) 26 सितंबर से 4 अक्टूबर तक रहेंगे.
इस दौरान हर दिन मां दुर्गा के सभी 9 रूपों की पूजा की जाएगी.
नवरात्रि के व्रतों के दौरान इन बातों का रखें ध्यान (Navratri vrat do’s and don’ts)
1. नवरात्रि के दौरान लहसुन, प्याज़ और मांसाहार ना खाएं और घर के बाकि सदस्यों के लिए भी ना बनाएं. शराब और तंबाकू से भी दूरी बनाएं.
2. नाखून, बाल, शेव ना करवाएं. इस दौरान बच्चों का मुंडन भी ना करवाएं.
3. व्रत भूखा रहने का नाम नहीं बल्कि मन को शांत रखने का एक जरिया है. इसीलिए व्रत के दौरान गुस्सा ना करें और झूठ ना बोलें. मन को शांत और जुबान पर अच्छे शब्द रखें.
4. नवरात्रि के दौरान सूरज उगने से पहले उठे और ढलने के बाद ही सोएं. यानी दिन में ना सोएं.
5. जिन लोगों ने भी घर में मां दुर्गा की अखंड ज्योति जला रखी है वो घर में ताला ना लगाएं और ना ही घर को अकेला छोड़ें.
6. मान्यता है कि नवरात्रि के दौरान काले रंग के कपड़े नहीं पहनने चाहिए.
7. व्रत के दौरान अनाज और मसालों से दूर रहें. कुट्टू का आटा, सिंघाड़े का आटा, साबुदाना, मेवे, फल और दूध से बनी चीज़ें ही खाएं. सेंधा नमक का इस्तेमाल करें.
8. सुबह और शाम की पूजा के दौरान अच्छे मन से दुर्गा सप्तशती का पाठ करें.
9. मान्यता है कि व्रत रखने वाले व्यक्ति को जमीन पर सोना चाहिए और ब्रह्मचार्य का पालन करना चाहिए.
10. अगर इन नियमों का पालन ना कर पाएं तो व्रत रखने के बजाय सिर्फ नवरात्रि में मां दुर्गा का पूजन ही करें.
The word “Navratri 2022” is a combination of two words “Nava” (meaning “nine”) and “Ratri” (meaning “night”). Celebrate over 9 nights and 10 days, it is one of the most Famous festivals in Hinduism where we worship Goddess Durga or Shakti, which represents the energy of the universe, in her 9 beautiful forms with great reverence.
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There are various reasons why Navratri 2022 is celebrated. Let’s discuss two of these.
Navratri 2022 details Celebrations Events :
|Navratri Day||Day||Form of Goddess||Tithi||Pujan||Colour|
|Navratri Day 1||Pratipada||Shailaputri Maa||Ghatasthapana||Shailputri Pujan||Red|
|Navratri Day 2||Dwitiya||Bharmacharini||Chandra Darshan||Brahmacharini Pujan||Royal Blue|
|Navratri Day 3||Tritiya||Chandraghanta||Sindoor Tritiya, Sowbhagya Teej||Chandraghanta Pujan||Yellow|
|Navratri Day 4||Chaturthi||Kushmanda||Varad Vinayaka Chauth||Bhouma Chaturthi||Green|
|Navratri Day 5||Panchami||Skandamata||Lalita Panchami||Upang Lalita Vrat, Lalitha Gauri Vrat, Skandamata Pujan||Gray|
|Navratri Day 6||Shashthi||Katyayani||Maha Shashti||Saraswati Awahan, Katyayani Pujan||Orange|
|Navratri Day 7||Saptami||Kaalratri||Maha Saptami||Saraswati Puja, Kalaratri Pujan, Utsava Puja||White|
|Navratri Day 8||Ashtami||Maha Gauri||Durga Ashtami, Maha Ashtami||Saraswati Mata Puja, Mahagauri Pujan, Sandhi Puja||Pink|
|Navratri Day 9||Navami||Siddhidatri||Khande Navami, Durga Visarjan, Maha Navami||Ayudha Puja, Kanya puja||Sky Blue|
The Story of Goddess Durga:
The Indian Methodology has various tales, that inspire & wonder.The tale I am about to share such story here.
Thousand years ago there was a tyrant called Mahishasur. He was part demon & part buffalo.
Mahishasura meditated for thousands of years of Lord Brahma and in return be blessed with immortality and power.
After much penance, his plan worked. Each & every God blessed Mahishasura with different powers.
Durga battled Mahishasura for ten whole days. On the Tenth day, she managed to chop off his head with a sword.
For this, we celebrate the ten days of Durga Pooja.
Navratri 2022 is a ten-day carnival and celebrated by all Indian or Nation.
On the last day, Vijay Dashami, we celebrate Goddess Durga’s killing of Mahishasura.
Lord Rama praying to Goddess Durga
Another legend has it that Lord Rama fasted and prayed for 9 days to seek Goddess’ blessings to kill Ravana. He kills him on the 10th day, and this day is called Dusshera, the day when the 10-headed Ravana was killed.
9 days of Navratri 2022, 9 forms of Durga, called nav-Durga, are worshiped in the following order:
“Shail” means mountains, “Putri” means daughter. Sati Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati, the daughter of the King of the Mountains Himavan, is called ‘Shailputri“.
The first among nine Durgas and her worship takes place on the first day of Navratri 2022 details – the nine divine nights. The embodiment of the power of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, she rides a bull and carries a trident and a lotus in her two hands.
She is worshipped on the second day of Navratri 2022 details and is the second form of Mother Goddess.
Bharmacharini means one who practices devout austerity. She enlightens us in the magnificent embodiment of Durga with great powers and divine grace.
Brahma that is who observes penance (tapa) and good conduct. Here “Brahma” means “Tapa”. The idol of this Goddess is very gorgeous.
On left-hand, she holds, a “Kumbha” or water pot, and the right hand holds a rosary. She personifies love and loyalty.
Bhramcharini is the storehouse of knowledge and wisdom.
Rudraksha beads are her most adored ornaments. She is blissful and endows happiness, peace, prosperity, and grace upon all devotees who worship her.
Filled with bliss and happiness, she is the way to emancipation – Moksha.
The third face of Goddess Durga is ‘Chandraghanta‘, who is worshipped on the third day of Navaratri, for peace, tranquility, and prosperity in life.
She has a ‘chandra’ or half moon in her forehead in the shape of a ‘ghanta’ or bell. That is why she is called ‘Chandraghanta‘.
She is Golden in color, possesses ten hands and 3 eyes. Eight of her hands display weapons while the remaining two are respectively in the mudras of gestures of boon giving and stopping harm.
She is charming, has a golden bright complexion and rides a lion. She is the apostle of bravery and possesses great strength to fight in the battle against demons.
Kushmanda is the fourth form of the mother goddess and is worshipped on the fourth day of Navaratri.
She possessed of eight arms, holding weapons and a mala ( rosary),
her mount is the tiger and She emanates a solar
meaning of the name ‘Ku-sham-and’ ( ‘Ku‘ = a little; ‘ushma‘ = ‘warmth’; ‘anda‘ = ‘the cosmic egg’).
So she is considered the creator of the universe.
The universe was no more than avoid full of darkness until her light spreads in all directions like rays from the sun.
The fifth aspect of the Mother Durga is known as ‘Skanda Mata‘ – the mother of Skanda or Lord Kartikeya, who was chosen by gods as their commander in chief in the war against the demons.
She is worshipped on the fifth day of Navaratri.
She is accompanied by the Lord Skanda in his infant form. Rising a lion as Her chosen vehicle, She holds Her son Skanda on her lap.
She has three eyes and four hands; two hands hold lotuses while the other two hand display defending and granting mudras, respectively.
It said, by the mercy of Skandmata, even the fool becomes an ocean of knowledge.
The sixth form of Mother Durga is known as ‘Katyayani’, who is worshiped on the six days of Navaratri.
The legend behind her name is that there was a great sage called Kata, who had a son named Katya.
Kata was very famous and renowned in the lineage of saints.
He underwent long austerities and penance in order to receive the grace of the Mother Goddess.
He wished to have a daughter in the form of a goddess. According to his wish and desire, the Mother Goddess granted his request.
Katyayani was born to Kata as an avatar of Durga.
This is the seventh form of Mother Durga and is worshipped on the seventh day of Navaratri.
She has a dark complexion, disheveled hair, and a fearlessness posture.
She has three eyes that shine bright and terrible flames emanate from her breath.
Black (or blue ) skin with bountiful hair and 4 hands, 2 clutching a cleaver and a torch, while the remaining 2 are in the mudras of “giving” and “protecting“.
Her left upper hand holds a thorn-like weapon, made of iron and there is a dagger in the lower left hand. Her vehicle is a faithful donkey.
She is the destroyer of darkness and ignorance.
She is worshipped on the eighth day of Navaratri. Her power is unfailing and instantly fruitful.
As a result of her worship, all sins of past, present, and future get washed away and devotees get purified in all aspects of life.
MahaGauri is intelligent, peaceful and calm. Due to her long austerities in the deep forests of the Himalayas, she developed a dark complexion.
When Lord Shiva cleaned her with the water of the Ganges, her body regained its beauty and she came to be known as MahaGauri, which means extremely white.
Her left upper hand holds a thorn-like weapon, made of iron and there is a dagger in the lower left hand.
She is as white as a conch, moon, and Jasmine.
She is of eight years old. With four arms and the fairest complexion of all the Durga Shaktis, Mahagauri radiates peace and compassion.
She is often dressed in a white or green sari. She holds a drum and a trident and is often depicted riding a bull.
Siddhidatri is the ninth form of Goddess. She is worshipped on the ninth day of Navaratri.
There are eight Siddhis, they are- Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakamya, Iishitva, and Vashitva.
Siddhidatri has supernatural healing powers.
She has four arms and she is always in a blissful happy enchanting pose. Rides on the lion as her vehicle.
Blesses all Gods, saints, yogis, tantric and all devotees as a manifestation of the Mother Goddess.
It is said in “Devipuran” that the Supreme God Shiv got all these Siddhies by worshipping Maha Shakti.
With her gratitude, the half body of Shiv has become of Goddess and therefore his name “Ardhanarishvar” has become famous.
Usually shown ensconced a lotus with four arms, She is the grantor of 26 different wishes to Her Bhaktas.
During the 9 days, there is a feeling of festivity in the air.
Many people fast during the entire period, there are different forms of prayers and lots and lots of varieties of sweets are prepared.
Different parts of India celebrate Navratri 2022 in different styles, the thing that is common is its grandeur and auspiciousness.
The two most famous styles are below:
In Gujarat, people do dandiya and Garbha, a beautiful folk dance, wearing colorful dresses.
In West Bengal, Navratri 2022 is celebrated as Durga Puja and large-scale prayers are organized in the praise of Durga.
Navratri 2022 details is part of a pan-Asian, 9-day autumn festival that goes by different names.
The Chinese related peoples of Asia call it theand the Indian related people call it the Navaratri (Festival of Nine Nights).It has 100 different forms.
In India, the festival starts on the new moon day falling between September 26 & October 4.
In East Asia, it starts on the 9th day of the 9th lunar month [around the same time period].
Essentially, it is an art festival and the celebration of good over the evil.
Women take a central stage in this festival and it is a celebration of feminine qualities such as dance, music, and decoration.
It is celebrated over 10 days in October. It is also a reminder of historic status of women in India and how they held lot more power in ancient India.
This is one of the best time to visit India. It is just after the monsoons and the weather is not too hot, nor cold in most parts of the country.
In Tamilnadu, it’s called Golu. We arranged in wood/steel stair specially built for this purpose. It is like a mini-museum at home.
Some of these settings will talk about mythology and others about the lives during ancient times.
Few others get more creative and set more modern scenes (such as a Cricket field or contemporary Indian life).
On the 9th day, we stop all work and decorate the stuff that is essential for our professions.
Little kids begin their kindergarten at the end of this festival and in most south Indian homes you would find the kids from neighbors’ homes singing and getting a gift (a sort of an elaborate “Trick or treat” during American Halloween)
In the state of karnataka, Its a royal festival.
Mysore is supremely decorated and a large number of elephants are decorated and brought in.
In the east, “Durga Pooja” celebrated as where the goddess Durga wins over a demon.
It celebrates both the victory of truth and the greatness of feminism.
If you end up in the eastern city of Kolkata at this time, you will see swarms of Durga idols dotting all over the city and people of all walks celebrating in the street. It is a happy time.
The north celebrates it as a victory of King Rama over the demon Ravana in the festival Ramlila.
King Rama is celebrated in the great Indian epic of Ramayana and is one of the most revered/respected gods in India.
Rama is known for truth & honesty and his life is believed to be worthy of emulation of commoners.
Navratri 2022 is one of the longest and most diverse festivals of India. It celebrates arts like no other Indian festival.
It is the most colorful Indian festival and super fun. Sadly.
The festival is losing some of its ground in India as our generation doesn’t fully grasp the story behind this awesome festival.
Vijayadashami also called Dussehra and it is celebrated at the end of Navratri every year.
Dussehra is celebrated for the victory of good over evil. The day marks the end of Navratri 2019 or nine nights. Each of the preceding nine days before Vijaya Dashami represents a power of Durga, the goddess of power.
Two stories are associated with Vijayadashami. The one is related to Lord Rama, who fought the 10-headed demon Ravana.
Dussehra is celebrated to the victory of God Rama over a Devil King Ravana, Who was king of Lanka.
Dussehra is the most important festivals in Hindu.it is called Dashain and Maha Navami.
Celebrated Dussehra on the tenth day of the month of Ashwin(according to Hindu calendar).
so we celebrate Navratri 2022. It falls in the month of September or October according to the civil calendar.
The celebration of Dussehra is started in the 17th century. There is various methodological truth behind it.
शारदीय नवरात्रि – कलश स्थापना व पूजा विधि
व्रत का संकल्प लेने के बाद, मिट्टी की वेदी बनाकर ‘जौ बौया’ जाता है। इसी वेदी पर कलश स्थापित किया जाता है।
दरअसल हिंदूओं में किसी भी शुभ कार्य की शुरुआत से पहले सर्वप्रथम भगवान श्री गणेश की पूजा की जाती है। कलश को भगवान गणेश का ही रूप माना जाता है।
कलश स्थापना से पहले अच्छे से पूजा व स्थापना स्थल को गंगाजल से पवित्र कर लें। पूजन में समस्त देवी-देवताओं का आह्वान करें।
कलश में सात तरह की मिट्टी, सुपारी व पैसे रखे जाते हैं। पांच प्रकार के पत्तों से कलश को सजाया जाता है।
मिट्टी की वेदी पर सतनज व जौ बीजे जाते हैं जिन्हें दशमी तिथि को पारण के समय काटा जाता है। कलश पर कुल देवी की प्रतिमा स्थापित कर उसका पूजन किया जाता है।
इस दिन “दुर्गा सप्तशती” का पाठ किया जाता है। पाठ पूजन के समय अखंड जोत जलती रहनी चाहिए।
नवरात्रि की पहली तिथि में दुर्गा माँ के प्रारूप माँ शैलपुत्री की आराधना की जाती है| इस दिन सभी भक्त उपवास रखते हैं और सायंकाल में दुर्गा माँ का पाठ और विधिपूर्वक पूजा करके अपना व्रत खोलते हैं|
शारदीय नवरात्रि 2022 कलश स्थापना मुहूर्त
इस साल कलश स्थापना का मुहूर्त 26, सितंबर, 2022 को सुबह 06:11:08 से 07:51:10 तक का है.
कलश स्थापना के लिए सुबह उठकर सुबह स्नान कर साफ सुथरे कपड़े पहनें. इसके बाद व्रत का संकल्प लें.
घट स्थापना के दौरान मिट्टी का थोड़ा ऊंचा बेदी बनाकर जौ को बौ दें. अब इसी वेदी पर कलश की स्थापना करें.
इसके बाद कलश के ऊपर कुल देवी की मूर्ति को स्थापित कर पूजा करें और मां दुर्गा का पाठ भी करें. इसके साथ ही मां दुर्गा की मूर्ति के आगेअखंड दीप जलाने का भी विधान है.
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